The £1 billion transformation of Dundee City Waterfront, which encompasses 240 hectares of development land along the River Tay for 8km, is a strategic and progressive 30 year project (2001-31) to build the city’s global fame. The water front, divided into five zones, will become a destination for visitors and businesses through enhancing its physical, economic and cultural assets. Dundee City and the University of Dundee, both of which were instrumental in bringing the V&A here, spent more than 10 years in the planning.
The new V&A Museum of Design in Dundee is a 8,000 square metre building, situated on the waterfront, built to resemble the cliffs of East Scotland. This Dundee landmark was finally opened to the public in Sept 2018.
It is an £80 million building on the river, a conjoined pair of inverted pyramids in rugged concrete inspired by Scottish cliffs. On land reclaimed from the river bed, the two inverted pyramids twist both horizontally and vertically as the building gets higher, suggesting a wave-like movement.
V & A Museum Dundee consisting of pair of inverted pyramids
and RRS Discovery, Captain Scott's vessel
It was Tokyo-based architect Kengo Kuma’s first UK project, a site that will announce Dundee’s ambitions to the world. It is impressive when the visitor passes towards the landscape, through an arch formed between the two main blocks; and its cragginess suits its tough northern location. The exterior is clad with 2,500 precast concrete panels which vary in size and shape to create different shadow patterns. Each of the panels, which measure up to 4m, was attached to the building using brackets.
The galleries occupy the upper floor, allowing for vast spaces. In fact V & A Dundee boasts the largest temporary exhibition space in Scotland. An exterior walkway passes through the middle of the building, joining the river to the city in the manner of a gateway. Good design, as the contents of the galleries show, is joyous.
Dundee’s setting, on a slope towards the broad river, allowed the V&A project to improve the old part of the water front. Visitors enter the museum through a double-height main hall with a cafe and ample seating. Benches line the long sweeping staircase that leads to the first floor gallery spaces, and a book-shelf lined seating area where visitors can sit and read. The restaurant has expansive views out over the water.
Sweeping main hall with a cafe, stairs, lift tower and water viewsThere is a generously scaled entrance hall which can also be a public space for the locals. A broad stair and lift tower within the entrance hall opens up to a broad first-floor deck for exhibitions. The museum’s inverted pyramid shape gives sloping planes that might nicely fulfil Kuma’s stated aims. Kuma says his building is organic, by which he means that its rough-hewn shape looks like a work of nature, a design that grows harmoniously out of it. In terms of quality of construction, the builders have done a good job.
Solid concrete, to which a cosmetic outer layer of yet more concrete has been heavily applied, is a bit too Brutal for me. But never mind. There’s the landscape, the city and the population. Then see The Discovery, the ship that carried Scott and Shackleton on their first, successful Antarctic expedition. It returned to the city that built her.
Scottish Design Galleries, the heart of V & A Dundee, are the first in the world dedicated to telling the great history of Scottish design. 300 beautiful objects representing a wide range of design disciplines, our Scottish Design Galleries explore Scotland’s unique design landscape, both historically and in modern times. Visitors will discover the everyday relevance of Scottish design, even if they didn’t know until now what was locally designed.
The first space in Scottish Design Gallery was Charles Rennie Mackintosh’s 1907 Oak Room which is being restored and reconstructed as a centrepiece of the galleries. The room was part of the Ingram Street Tearooms in Glasgow, rescued from the demolition of its host building in 1971 and the pieces kept in storage until now. Unseen since then, the tearoom is one of the world-famous architect’s most important interiors, close in design and ambition to the now lost Glasgow School of Art library. The metal lamp shades with coloured glass enrich the shadows of alcoves beneath the gallery. The design is a beautiful oaken ensemble of light, structure and ornament.
There is lovely timing here. Just as the Glasgow School of Art burned in June 2018, the final touches were applied to this other Charles Rennie Mackintosh jewel. V & A Dundee has already begun its work of repair!
One of the Scottish Design Galleries
In the Scottish Design Galleries, see some of the contributions that this nation of 5 million people made to world design. There is the heavy engineering that you might expect, bridges and ships, but also the abstract, modernist glassware of the late-Victorian Scottish designer Christopher Dresser, the luxurious classicism of the C18th Scottish architect Robert Adam and the new brutalism.
With a wide range of objects, from furniture, textiles, metalwork, ceramics, fashion, architecture, engineering and digital design, the space is split into sections. The oldest object in the Scottish Design Galleries is the exquisite Book of Hours, decorated with painted medieval illuminations; it was made in Rouen in northern France c1480.
Blockbuster shows will be able to travel between one V & A Museum and the other. Dundee museum opened with the V&A’s splendid Ocean Liners: Speed and Style exhibition.