All the film reviews I have read concern themselves with the change in Gregorius’ character, from a proper, reticent, depressed, deserted husband to an actively involved and passionate researcher. But these reviews miss the point. He did indeed run from lead to lead to lead, but not trying to discover himself! Rather he was interested in the fate of the young author of the book, one Amadeu do Prado. As it turned out, do Prado was a doctor and writer who fought against Fascist Portuguese dictator, Antonio de Oliveira Salazar, prime minister from 1932 to 1968. Some of the best information about do Prado came from his old teacher and priest, played by Christopher Lee, and from another resistance fighter played by Tom Courtney.
Raimund Gregorius goes off into the night, uncertain of what he is looking for and what he might find.
The crux of the film was the era when Salazar depended on the secret police, PIDE. PIDE had actually been established before the war and was modelled on the Gestapo, but events in the film did not take place until the mid-late 1960s. This was presumably when the secret police most brutally repressed political freedoms, in order to eliminate the regime's political opponents, socialists and intellectuals. Salazar may have looked like the elegant lawyer that he was, but he was a cruel and violent dictator.
As it happens, my husband and I left Australia in Dec 1970 to live in Europe, and so we were very aware of the events depicted in the film. And even though Spain’s Fascist control seemed more explicit and worrying (to us outsiders) than its Iberian neighbour, 43 years later I still identified strongly with the Portuguese protagonists during the film. Did it matter that by that time, Salazar had become incapacitated and Marelo Caetano was prime minister from Sep 1968–April 1974? Probably not. Caetano may have hoped to ameliorate Salazar's authoritarian dictatorship somewhat, but the dreaded secret police continued to rule with terror.
Inevitably there was a popular (Carnation) revolution in 1974, followed by the restoration of full parliamentary democracy. In the meantime, however, Portugal had become one of the poorest and most scary countries in Europe.
It was noteworthy that the older characters in the film, once brave young resistance fighters in the 1960s, were still maintaining their silence about their involvement 55 years later. Do they think Portugal’s government, church and military might go Fascist again in the near future? Is there still an ambivalence in Portugal about how brilliant or how dastardly the Salazar years were?
The funeral of one of the very young resistance fighters, Dr Amadeu do Prado
Lisbon, late 1960s